Europe > Northern Europe > Estonia


Capital: Tallinn; GDP growth(annual %) 2016: 1.6%
Key Facts
Full name: Republic of Estonia
Population: 1.3 million (UN, 2011)
Area: 45,227 sq km (17,462 sq miles)
Major languages: Estonian, Russian
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 70 years (men), 80 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: euro
Main exports: Machinery, textiles, wood products
GNI per capita: US $15,200 (World Bank, 2011
Internet domain: .ee
International dialling code: + 372
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  • Outlook for 2013-17


    The country (Estonia) is situated in Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia.
    It has borders with Latvia for 343km and Russia for 338.6km. Land in Estonia is marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south.

    The climate is maritime with wet and moderate winters and cool summers.Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7%.


    The centre-right coalition has a parliamentary majority. It is expected to remain in power until the next election in 2015. Despite remaining tensions, political ties with Russia will normalise gradually. Politicians will continue to back the fiscally conservative German position on the deficit crisis. In the initial five months of 2013 national finances recorded a surplus. The budget deficit will remain well within the EU-mandated deficit limit of 3% of GDP in 2013-14.