Middle East > Georgia


Capital: Tbilisi; GDP growth (annual %) 2016: 2.7%
Key Facts
Full name: Georgia
Population: 4.3 million (UN, 2011)
Area: 69,700 sq km (26,911 sq miles)
Major language: Georgian, Russian widely spoken
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 lari = 100 tetri
Main exports: Scrap metal, wine, fruit
GNI per capita: US $2,860 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .ge
International dialling code: +995
  • Climate change laws around the world


    There has been a 20-fold increase in the number of global climate change laws since 1997, according to the most comprehensive database of relevant policy and legislation.

    The database, produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Sabin Center on Climate Change Law, includes more than 1,200 relevant policies across 164 countries, which account for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Outlook for 2013-14


    The country (Georgia) is situated in Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia.It has borders with Armenia for 164km, Azerbaijan for 322km, Russia for 723km and Turkey for 252km. Land in Georgia is largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland.

    The climate is warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast.

    Outlook for 2012-13

    Mikheil Saakashvili, who was re-elected president in January 2008, will remain in power in 2012-13. Mr Saakashvili's popularity waned following his failed attempt in August 2008 to regain the breakaway province of South Ossetia by force, which led to a brief but damaging conflict with Russia.

  • Bidzina Ivanishvili talks about his plans to boost investment


    In his spacious office high above Tbilisi, Georgia’s newly elected prime minister – and wealthiest citizen – Bidzina Ivanishvili talks about his plans to boost investment , to mend the relationship with Russia and to manage a difficult political cohabitation.

    Q. What lessons have you learnt from your success as a businessman that you can apply to your role as prime minister?

    A. Nowadays, I have no time to be a businessman. The business experience I am bringing in is the creation of three investment funds that will support business in Georgia.