Africa > East Africa > Madagascar


Capital: Antananarivo , GDP growth (annual %) 2016: 4.2%
Key Facts

Full name: Republic of Madagascar
Population: 21.3 million (UN, 2011
Area: 587,041 sq km (226,658 sq miles)
Major languages: Malagasy (official), French
Major religions: Indigenous beliefs, Christianity
Life expectancy: 65 years (men), 69 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit:
Main exports: Vanilla, coffee, seafood, cloves, petroleum products, chromium, fabrics
GNI per capita: US $430 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .mg
International dialling code: +261


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  • Outlook for 2015-17


    The country (Madagascar) is situated in Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique.
    Land in Madagascar is narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center.
    Malagasy land covers an area of 587040 km². The climate is tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south.

    Malagasy (singular and plural) speak French (official), Malagasy (official).


    A political and social crisis since 2009 meant that 2014 was a decisive year for Madagascar, with a new president elected, a fresh parliament installed and a new government sworn in, thus enabling the country to rejoin the international community.

    This evolution has not from presently on been matched by improvements to the economic and social performance. Increase remained sluggish in 2014 (3%, slightly up from 2.4% in 2013) due to little development in governance, energy shortages and delayed foreign funding, combined with a lack of domestic funding and private investment because of a worsening business climate.

  • Antananarivo


    Antananarivo  is the capital and major city in Madagascar. It is as well known by its French colonial shorthand form Tana. The larger urban area surrounding the city, known as Antananarivo-Renivohitra ("Antananarivo-Mother Hill" or "Antananarivo-Capital"), is the capital of Analamanga Region.

  • Andry Rajoelina : President of the Republic of Madagascar


    Andry Nirina Rajoelina, born 30 May 1974, is the President of the High Transitional Authority of Madagascar. He became president on 21 March 2009 during a political crisis, having held the office of Mayor of Antananarivo for one year prior.