Capital: Madrid ; GDP growth (annual %) 2016 :3.2%
Key Facts

Full name: Kingdom of Spain
Population: 46.4 million (UN 2011)
Area: 505,988 sq km (195,363 sq miles)
Major languages: Spanish (Castilian), Catalan and its variant Valencian, Gallego (Galician), Euskera (Basque)
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 79 years (men), 85 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 euro = 100 cents
Main exports: Transport equipment, agricultural products
GNI per capita: US $31,750 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .es
International dialling code: +34

  • Climate change laws around the world


    There has been a 20-fold increase in the number of global climate change laws since 1997, according to the most comprehensive database of relevant policy and legislation.

    The database, produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Sabin Center on Climate Change Law, includes more than 1,200 relevant policies across 164 countries, which account for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Brexit negotiations should treat energy as ‘special case’


    There are strong practical reasons why the UK and EU should treat energy as a appropriate case during Brexit negotiations, argues a new statement.

    The statement, jointly authored by Chatham Home, the University of Exeter and the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC), says finding common ground on energy during the Brexit negotiations would benefit both the UK and remaining EU27, while compromise may be relatively easier to achieve than for other areas.

  • Bankia rises from Spain's real estate ashes


    Just a few years ago, Spanish lender Bankia was on the brink of collapse. Presently, thanks to an aggressive restructuring programme, the bank is hitting its targets and has ambitions to compete with national giants Santander, BBVA and CaixaBank.