Capital: Khartoum; GDP growth (annual %) 2016: 4.7%
Key Facts

Full name: Republic of Sudan
Population: 30 million (UN estimate 2010)
Area: 1.8 million sq km (728,215 sq miles)
Major languages: Arabic, English (official)
Major religions: Islam
Life expectancy: 60 years (men), 64 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: Sudanese pound
Main exports: Oil, cotton, sesame, livestock and hides, gum arabic
GNI per capita: US $1,270 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .sd
International dialling code: +249


  • Africa's Relationship With China Is Ancient History


    In 2002 South Africa's Parliament unveiled a digital reproduction of a map - of China, the Middle East and Africa - that some speculated could be the initial map of the African continent. The Da Ming Hun Yi Tu - the Comprehensive Map of the Great Ming Empire - was drawn up around 1389 during the Ming Dynasty, according to historian Hyunhee Park.

  • Climate change laws around the world


    There has been a 20-fold increase in the number of global climate change laws since 1997, according to the most comprehensive database of relevant policy and legislation.

    The database, produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Sabin Center on Climate Change Law, includes more than 1,200 relevant policies across 164 countries, which account for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Sudan’s minister for investment , Dr. Mustafa Osman Ismail


    In this piece written by Sudan’s minister for investment , Dr. Mustafa Osman Ismail explains the country’s successful efforts to improve the business climate, the top five areas for investment in the country, how Sudan offers complete protection for investors by means of the investment security fund, and why British investors are the majority significant for the country

  • Cultural heritage & business opportunities abound in Sudan

    Once the major country in Africa (before the official secession of the southern region in 2011), Sudan sits at the vitally geostrategic crossroads between sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East and has one of the continent's broadest and most ample variety of resources – human, natural, social and economic – all within its extensive borders
  • Africa: Making Things Happen at the Bank - 'Not a Talk Shop' - Akin Adesina


    Dr. Akinwumi Adesina is focusing on five areas to achieve the African and world goals for a prosperous continent since becoming president of the African Development Bank - Africa's major public financial institution in September 2015. He was a keynote speaker at this month's Corporate Council on Africa's U.S.- Africa Business Summit in Washington D.C. and moderated a lively panel with five African government ministers. He as well received the Gene White Lifetime Succcess Award from the World Child Nutrition Foundation. This week, he was named the 2017 recipient of the World Food Prize, a prestigious honor that includes a $250,000 award. In an interview in Washington, DC, Adesina discussed the Development Bank's ambitious schedule and his vision for attracting the increase capital Africa needs. Posting questions for AllAfrica was Noluthando Crockett-Ntonga.

  • Mo Ibrahim - founder and chair of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation.


    The founder of Celtel talks about the role businesses can play in transparency and discusses trends in African governance

    As entrepreneurial success stories go, few come bigger than Mo Ibrahim’s. In 1998, with a telecoms boom in full force, the Sudanese-British entrepreneur hatched a plan to create a pan-African mobile operator, and to do so without paying bribes.

  • Florian Westphal is the chief of the German section of Doctors Without Borders


    The 28-country European Union has told member states that expressing regret over the new migrant tragedy was no substitute for action. Some 200 migrants were feared drowned at the same time as their vessel sank off the Libyan coast.

    One NGO helping to save shipwrecked migrants in the Mediterranean Sea is the medical charity Doctors Without Borders. DW has been talking to the chief of their German section, Florian Westphal.

  • Outlook for 2013-14


    The country (Sudan) is situated in Northern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Egypt and Eritrea. It has borders with Congo (Kinshasa) for 628km, Central African Republic for 1165km, Egypt for 1273km, Eritrea for 605km, Ethiopia for 1606km, Kenya for 232km, Libya for 383km, Chad for 1360km and Uganda for 435km.

    Land in Sudan is generally flat, featureless plain; mountains in far south, northeast and west; desert dominates the north.

    The climate is tropical in south; arid desert in north; rainy season varies by region (April to November). Sudanic languages, English.


    The National Congress Party will maintain control of Sudan, although its legitimacy will continue to be questioned by opposition forces, and the country will face periodic flare-ups in various internal armed conflicts. Austerity measures introduced to offset the impact of losing southern oil revenue and again the halting of southern exports of oil have been extended into 2013, and could increase popular unrest.