Africa > East Africa > Djibouti


Capital: Djibouti , GDP growth (annual %) 2016 : 6.0%
Key Facts

Full name: The Republic of Djibouti
Population: 906,000 (UN, 2011)
Area: 23,200 sq km (8,950 sq miles)
Major languages: French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
Major religion: Islam
Life expectancy: 57 years (men), 60 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Djiboutian franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: Re-exports, hides and skins, coffee (re-exported from Ethiopia)
GNI per capita: US $1,270 (World Bank, 2009)
Internet domain: .dj
International dialling code: +253

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  • Outlook for 2016-17


    The country (Djibouti) is situated in Eastern Africa and is bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, between Eritrea and Somalia. It has borders with Eritrea for 109 km, Ethiopia for 349 km and Somalia for 58 km.
    Land in Djibouti is coastal plain and plateau separated by central mountains.

    The climate is desert, torrid and dry.
    Djiboutian(s) speak French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afa

  • The friendly and cooperative relations between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Chad


    In 2013, the friendly relations and cooperation between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Djibouti continued to maintain the sound momentum of increase.

    The two nations maintained close political exchanges. In March, President Ismail Omar Guelleh sent a letter of congratulations to President Xi Jinping on his election as President of China. In April, President Guelleh sent a letter of condolences to President Xi on the earthquake in Lushan County, Sichuan Province. In April, Ai Ping, Vice Minister of the International Department of the CPC Central Committee, visited Djibouti.

  • Djibouti City


    Djibouti City is the capital and largest city of Republic of Djibouti in the Horn of Africa. Two thirds of the country's population live in the town. The city is situated on the coast, on the Gulf of Tadjoura right across from Yemen.
    Local features include beaches along its eastern shore and the large Central Market, the national stadium Stade du Ville, the Presidential Palace and Hamoudi Mosque. On account of its numerous exotic buildings and structures, the city has been likened to a European settlement and described as a "French Hong Kong in the Red Sea".
    Djibouti has the status of both a city and a state. It is also the seat of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) as well as several other continental and international organizations.

  • President Ismael Omar Guelleh


    Mr Guelleh, known in Djibouti by his initials, IOG, won a second term in one-man presidential elections in April 2005. The opposition did not field a candidate.

    His campaign included promises to tackle poverty and reduce Djibouti's dependence on food imports. He said he would step down at the end of his second term, in keeping with the constitution.