Capital: Brussels ; GDP growth (annual %) 2016 : 1.2%
Key Facts

Full name: Kingdom of Belgium
Population: 10.7 million (UN, 2010)
Area: 30,528 sq km (11,787 sq miles)
Major languages: Dutch, French, German
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 77 years (men), 83 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 euro = 100 cents
Main exports: Machinery and electrical equipment, chemicals, vehicles, metals, diamonds
GNI per capita: US $45,910 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .be
International dialling code: +32

  • Climate change laws around the world


    There has been a 20-fold increase in the number of global climate change laws since 1997, according to the most comprehensive database of relevant policy and legislation.

    The database, produced by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and the Sabin Center on Climate Change Law, includes more than 1,200 relevant policies across 164 countries, which account for 95% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

  • Brexit negotiations should treat energy as ‘special case’


    There are strong practical reasons why the UK and EU should treat energy as a appropriate case during Brexit negotiations, argues a new statement.

    The statement, jointly authored by Chatham Home, the University of Exeter and the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC), says finding common ground on energy during the Brexit negotiations would benefit both the UK and remaining EU27, while compromise may be relatively easier to achieve than for other areas.

  • Belgium Reforms benefit companies, but consumers pay the bill



    Reforms benefit companies, but consumers pay the bill

  • Mayor of Warsaw and President of Eurocities, a Brussels-based association


    Europe is at a critical juncture, both economically and politically. Governments at all levels continue to feel the squeeze on public resources.

    The next long term budget for the EU must reflect this by directing EU spending and investment where it makes the greatest and most visible impact for the majority of citizens. This would truly be a step towards both 'better spending’ and change in the EU in terms of economic recovery and restoring public confidence.