Africa > East Africa > Eritrea


Capital: Asmara; GDP growth (annual %) NA:
Key Facts

Ambassador : H.E. Mr. Tseggai Tesfazion

Full name: The State of Eritrea
Population: 5.4 million (UN, 2011)
Area: 117,400 sq km (45,300 sq miles)
Major languages: Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic, English
Major religions: Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 60 years (men), 64 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Nakfa = 100 cents
Main exports: Livestock, hides, sorghum, textiles, salt, light manufactures
GNI per capita: US $340 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .er
International dialling code: +291

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  • Outlook for 2015-17


    The country (Eritrea) is situated in Eastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan.It has borders with Djibouti for 109km, Ethiopia for 912km and Sudan for 605km.

    Land in Eritrea is dominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains.

    The climat is hot with a dry desert strip along the Red Sea coast, it is cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September) and it is semiarid in western hills and lowlands;
    Eritrean(s) speak Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages.

    Eritrea is aiming at creating a modern, private sector-led economy(Macro Policy 1994; National Indicative Development Plan 2014-2018). Attaining this objective is, however, compromised by an inadequately enabling investment and business environment, United Nations sanctions, and in general weak macroeconomic conditions.

  • Asmara


    Asmara (Arabic: أسمرة‎, Tigrinya: ኣስመራ?, Asmera), known as Asmera to the inhabitants, meaning "The four (feminine plural) made them unite" in Tigrinya) is the capital city and largest settlement in Eritrea, home to a population of 649,000 inhabitants. Sitting at an elevation of 2,325 metres (7,628 ft), it is located at the tip of an escarpment that is both the northwestern edge of the Eritrean highlands and the Great Rift Valley.
    Asmara is situated in Eritrea's central Maekel Region. It is known for its well-preserved colonial Italian modern architecture,and is divided into thirteen districts or administrative areas: Acria, Abbashaul, Edaga Hamus, Arbaete Asmara, Mai Temenai, Paradiso, Sembel, Godaif, Maekel Ketema or Downtown, Tiravolo, Gejeret, Tsetserat and Gheza Banda.