Africa > East Africa > Burundi


Capital: Bujumbura; GDP growth (annual %) 2016 : -0.6%
Key Facts

Full name: Republic of Burundi
Population: 8.6 million (UN, 2011)
Area: 27,816 sq km (10,740 sq miles)
Major languages: Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili
Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs
Life expectancy: 50 years (men), 53 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Burundi franc = 100 centimes
Main exports: coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
GNI per capita: US $170 (World Bank, 2010)
Internet domain: .bi
International dialling code: +257

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  • Outlook for 2016-17


    Burundi is a small landlocked country with a total area of 27,830 square kilometers. Densely populated, it has a people of approximately 10.6 million inhabitants. The economy is dominated by subsistence agriculture, which employs 90% of the people, though cultivable land is extremely scarce. Additional than a decade of conflict has devastated much of the country’s physical, social and human capital however substantial improvements have occurred over the completed decade, thanks to a relatively well performing demobilization program.

    The army has largely retreated back to its barracks, roadblocks and checkpoints have been disassembled, and night curfews were lifted. Security and legal entities are under the government’s control and the army is presently seen as one of the major stabilizing institutions. A reform of the police is as well underway, with the aim of making it additional professional, in order to replace the people's trust in the institution. Economic reforms and institution building are as well ongoing.

  • Bujumbura


    Bujumbura (bōō´jəm´bŏŏr´ə), city (1994 est. pop. 300,000), capital of Burundi and of Bujumbura prov., W Burundi, a port on Lake Tanganyika. Formerly known as Usumbura, it is Burundi\'s major city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. Manufactures include food products,adhesive and other building materials, textiles, soap, shoes, and metal goods.

    Livestock and agricultural produce from the surrounding region are traded in the city. Bujumbura is Burundi\'s major port and ships most of the country\'s chief export, coffee, inclunding cotton, skins, and tin ore, via Lake Tanganyika to Tanzania and Congo (Kinshasa). Roads connect the city to cities in the Congo and Rwanda.

  • Bujumbura


    Bujumbura city is located in western Burundi, on the shores of Lake Tanganyika.  Bujumbura  it is surrounded by the province of Bujumbura on the north by the municipality Mutimbuzi, to the east by the municipalities and Isale Kanyosha and south by the municipality Kabezi.

    With an area of ​​86.54 km ², the terrain is characterized by a low-lying plain that rises from west to east with an altitude of 774 m at the lake and at the foot of the 1,000 m high cons of the region's natural Mumirwa.