Capital: Quito; GDP growth (annual %) 2016 : -1.5 %;
Key Facts

Full name: Republic of Ecuador
Population: 14.6 million (UN, 2011)
Area: 272,045 sq km (105,037 sq miles)
Major languages: Spanish, indigenous languages
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 79 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 US dollar = 100 cents
Main exports: Petroleum, bananas, shrimp, coffee, cocoa, cut flowers, fish
GNI per capita: US$ 4,140 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .ec
International dialling code: +593

  • Outlook for 2013-17


    The country (Ecuador) is situated in Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru.
    It has borders with Colombia for 590km and Peru for 1420km.
    Land in Ecuador is coastal plain (costa), inter-Andean central highlands (sierra), and flat to rolling eastern jungle (oriente).


    The continuation of the improved political stability that Ecuador has enjoyed in recent years since Rafael Correa became president, although conflicts over environmental issues will sustain the risk of social unrest. The president remains highly popular, and his commanding majority in the National Assembly (Ecuador's Congress) will relieve the passage of legislation.