Capital: Brasilia ; Largest city: Sao Paulo GDP growth (annual %) 2016 : -3.6%
Key Facts

Full name: Federative Republic of Brazil
Population: 196.6 million (UN, 2011)
Area: 8.55 million sq km (3.3 million sq miles)
Major language: Portuguese
Major religion: Christianity
Life expectancy: 71 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 real = 100 centavos
Main exports: Manufactured goods, iron ore, coffee, oranges, other agricultural produce
GNI per capita: US $10,720 (World Bank, 2011)
Internet domain: .br
International dialling code: +55

  • Outlook for 2014-18


    The country (Brazil) is located in Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. It has borders with Argentina for 1224km, Bolivia for 3400km, Colombia for 1643km, French Guiana for 673km, Guyana for 1119km, Peru for 1560km, Paraguay for 1290km, Suriname for 597km, Uruguay for 985km and Venezuela for 2200km. Land in Brazil is typically flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt.

    The climate is mostly tropical, but is temperate in the south.


    Although social unrest has abated for presently, the president, Dilma Rousseff, will struggle to address demands arising from civil society, with downside risks to The Economist Intelligence Unit's estimate that she will win re-election in October 2014. The congressional schedule will be geared to address issues raised by the mass protests that swept the country in June, inclunding political reforms and initiatives to improve health, education and public transport services.