Senegal: Geography



Senegal Geography Profile 2012

Senegal has a large coastline with the Atlantic Ocean on the west(coastline 530 km). The Senegal River is a northern border with Mauritania and east with Mali. To the southeast, the border with Guinea is crossed by the foothills of the mountains of Fouta Djallon and south-west of Guinea-Bissau by a rainforest. The Gambia forms an enclave between the region of Casamance from the rest of the country.

The Senegalese territory is between 8 and 12 ° 16 ° 41 north latitude and 11 ° 21 and 17 ° 32 west longitude.

The country covers 196,722 square kilometers [15]. Compared to its neighbors, Mali and Mauritania, Senegal is a of small size country .


Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania

Geographic coordinates: 

14 00 N, 14 00 W

Map references: 


Area comparative: 

slightly smaller than South Dakota

Land boundaries Total: 

2,640 km

Land boundaries Note: 


tropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind


generally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast

Natural resources: 

fish, phosphates, iron ore

Natural hazards: 

lowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts

Environment - current issues: 

wildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing

Geography note: 

westernmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal